Burkina Faso recorded 5 FGM-related death cases in 2012
In 2012, Burkina Faso said 164 girls were circumcised, 19 of whom had complications related to Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) including five dead, the Permanent Secretary of the Burkinabe National Council against FGM/C (SP/CNLPE) disclosed to APA.SP/CNLPE researcher Lydie Pare-Tiendrebeogo said the 19 FGM/C cases are included in the 164 Burkinabe girls circumcised across the country.
Pare-Tiendrebeogo said there has been a drop in the number of girls circumcised in the country over the last few years.
She pointed out, however, that five among the 164 girls circumcised in the country in 2012 died of the consequences of the FGM/C including excessive bleeding, infected tools etc.
The North-east, the Central-west, the Central-north, the North and the Central-Plateau regions are, according to her, particularly affected by FGM/C practice.
The figures of the last Demographic Health Survey (2010) reveal that 75% of Burkinabe women aged between 15 and 19 have been circumcised.
The same survey shows that only 13.30% girls aged between 0 and 14 years are circumcised.
These figures reveal a downward trend in the practice in the “Land of Honest People” (pays des hommes integres) over the last few years.
According to Pare-Tiendrebeogo, this downward trend is the result of an awareness raising campaign backed by a repressive policy launched by the authorities.
On 13 November 1996, the Burkinabe National Assembly passed a bill to criminalize FMG/C in the country.
In addition, on 18 May 1990 the authorities established a Permanent Secretary of the National Committee against FGM/C which on 2 February 2011 became a Council tasked with ensuring the implementation and following up of the decisions taken in the fight against the phenomenon.
SP/CNLP is backed by international partners including UNICEF, WHO, UNFPA, CI-AF (Intra-African Committee against traditional practices affecting children and women’s health), GIZ, Plan Burkina and UN Women in its efforts to do away with FGM/C in Burkina Faso.
Some embassies including those of the Netherlands and Denmark have been very active in the fight against FMG/C together with the religious and traditional leaders as well as networks and associations.