Mozambique miles away from achieving gender equity – Research
According to Saturday newspapers, the research was undertaken by the Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA), in collaboration with the consultancy company Gender Links.
EISA examined about 2,000 leadership and decision making positions in eight private and public sectors. Although women account for 51 per cent of the Mozambican population, only 25 per cent of those 2,000 positions were occupied by women.
The area where Mozambique comes closest to gender equity is in parliamentary representation.
About 39.2 per cent of the members of the Mozambican parliament, the Assembly of the Republic are women.
This puts Mozambique in third place in SADC, fifth place in Africa, and 12th position in the world in terms of women’s representation in parliament.
At the other end of the scale, there are very few women in leadership positions in private business, banking, higher education and in the mass media.
Speaking at the presentation of the study, the EISA director for Mozambique, Miguel de Brito, said the municipal elections this year and the parliamentary elections in 2014 are a great opportunity to move towards gender equity in the municipal assemblies and in parliament.
Brito added that in areas where the top leaders are appointed, such as the state-owned universities, or the justice system, “greater political commitment could increase the number of women leaders”.
A representative of the British High Commission in Mozambique, which financed the study, Farida Shaik, noted that although 94 per cent of Mozambican girls of school age attend primary school, only 11 per cent continue to secondary education. This, she said, was “mainly because girls’ education is not a priority for many households”.